An endoscopy is a procedure in which the doctor uses special instruments to view and operate on internal vessels and organs of the human body. It permits surgeons to identify issues inside the body, without the need for making big incisions.
A surgeon inserts an endoscope via a small cut or opening in the body like the mouth. An endoscope is a flexible tube with an attached camera which permits the doctor to view inside the body. The doctor can make use of scissors and forceps on the endoscope to do surgery or remove tissue for biopsy.
The following are major types and uses of endoscopes:
They are used for upper GI endoscopy that includes the oesophagus, small intestine and stomach. They are typically used for diagnosing stomach ulcers, oesophageal and stomach cancer, GERD, Celiac disease, hiatal hernia, Barrett’s oesophagus and many more conditions.
Colonoscopy is a common kind of endoscopy. Using a colonoscope, the doctor examines the inner lining of the large intestine. To be more specific, the doctor looks for tumours, ulcers, inflammation, polyps or bleeding in the rectum and colon.
For examining the airway of a patient. A bronchoscope is threaded via the nose and down the throat. After this endoscope reaches the lungs, the small and light camera can help in spotting excess mucus, signs of infection, blockages or tumours. Bronchoscopes are also useful to take samples of tissues for lab testing.
They help doctor conduct procedures in the larynx. They help in removing foreign objects in the throat, collecting tissue samples, performing laser treatments and removing polyps from the vocal cords.
They are thin tubes which feature light and camera. When this endoscope is inserted into the bladder, via the urethra, it can detect tumours, stones, and blockages, signs of cancer, ureter problems, enlarged prostate glands and non-cancerous growths.
Similar to the gastroscope, the duodenoscopes are used to examine the small intestine. The lighted, flexible end of this endoscope is threaded down the throat and via the stomach and mouth into the small intestine. They are used typically to get rid of gallstones, drain bile ducts, heal pancreatitis, apart from other things. Such devices can be accessed from endoscopic stone extraction product dealers.
For treating issues in the digestive system, Enteroscopes are highly useful. Procedures of enteroscopy are called as double bubble, double balloon enteroscopy, and push and pull enteroscopy etc. Which help the doctor find abnormal tissue, bleeding and tumours. They can also help diagnose Crohn’s disease and other inflammatory bowel infections, diseases, lymphoma, Vitamin B12 deficiency and intestinal or stomach viruses.
This endoscope is used to examine the urinary tract by passing it via the bladder and urethra. The ureteroscope is thinner and longer than the cystoscope. It is typically used to determine the cause of urinary tract infections, urine blockages and other problems. By using this endoscope, the doctor can spot kidney or ureter stones, cancer, tumour, polyps and abnormal tissue.
This is a device to conduct a minimally invasive procedure. It consists of the insertion of a tiny telescope into the uterus, via the cervix. This procedure is useful for conditions ranging from removal of fibroids and polyps to conducting endometrial ablation.