An endoscopy is a procedure in which the doctor makes use of special instruments to view and operate on internal vessels and organs of your body. The process is carried out without making any incisions.
A surgeon will insert an endoscope via a small opening like the mouth or through a tiny cut. An endoscope is a flexible tube with an attached camera which permits the examining by the doctor. The doctor can use scissors or forceps on the endoscope to remove tissue for biopsy or to operate. Endoscopes can be accessed from leading endoscopy products manufacturers.
Use of Endoscopy
- Helps the doctor determine the cause of any abnormal symptoms experienced by the patient.
- Helps remove a small sample of tissue that may be sent to a lab for further testing (endoscopic biopsy).
- Help the doctor see inside the body during a surgical procedure like removing tumours and gallstones and repairing stomach ulcer.
It is useful to conduct the procedure when the following symptoms are manifested:
- Inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis (UC).
- Chronic constipation
- Stomach ulcer
- Bleeding in the digestive tract
- Blockage in oesophagus
- GERD (Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease)
- Vaginal bleeding of an unusual nature
- Hiatal Hernia
- Blood in urine.
Just like most medical technologies, endoscopy is advancing constantly. Modern endoscopes use high definition imaging for creating images in incredible detail.
The latest technologies of endoscopy:
The capsule travels via the digestive tract, without any discomfort and creates hundreds of images of the intestine.
ERCP (Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)
This technology combines upper GI endoscopy with X-rays to treat or diagnose problems with pancreatic ducts and the bile.
It is a technique that uses special dye or stain on the intestine lining during the procedure of endoscopy. The dye helps the doctor visualize better to find any abnormality in the intestinal lining.
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
This technique combines the use of an endoscope with an ultrasound. This permits doctors to view organs and other structures, which are not visible in a regular endoscopy. A fine needle aspiration involves using a thin needle to be inserted into an organ for retrieving tissue for examining under a microscope.
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR)
EMR is a technique, which helps doctors remove the cancerous tissue in the digestive tract. In this procedure, a needle is passed via an endoscope, to inject a liquid beneath the abnormal tissue. This helps keep separate the cancerous tissue from other layers, such that it can be removed more easily.
Narrow Band Imaging (NBI)
This procedure makes use of a special filter to create more contrast between the mucosa and vessels. The inner lining of the digestive tract is called as mucosa.
These are all some updated facts about the crucial medical procedure of endoscopy.